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What is Neuromuscular Taping ?

Neuromuscular taping technique is the manual application of a latex-free elastic tape to the body in flexed positions, such that when the body returns to a normal position, the tape has “undulations” or “wrinkles” . The adhesive in the tape is alcohol free, allowing for the application to last between three to five days.

Aneid UK Ltd offers two types of neuromuscular tapes:

A. Cure Tape : 5 m x 5 cm (Black, Blue, Beige, Red, Orange,White and Yellow) for non-lymphatic drainage tape applications. B. Punch Tape 5 m x 5 cm (Blue, Beige and Black) for lymphatic drainage applications.

Mode of Action:

As with acupuncture, neuromuscular taping involves the manipulation of the skin to affect “non-specialized connective tissue” and thereby:

a) Reduce chronic inflammation b) Reduce fibrosis in skin tissue c) Reduce skin tension in skin tissue d) Increase motility in skin tissue e) Initiate analgesic effect via ATP process (pain relief)

The technique was introduced to Europe and the United States in the 1990´s by Japanese and Korean acupuncturists, but the technique´s mechanism of action has not been fully explained. It is our contention that neuromuscular taping acts, as does acupuncture, by influencing “non-specialized” connective tissue.

Specialized Connective Tissue vs. Non-specialized Connective Tissue

Connective tissue is one of the most integral components of the human machine. There are two types of connective tissue:

a) Specialized connective tissue-such as tendons and ligaments, which connect bone to muscles and to other bones respectively. b) Non-specialized connective tissues, which form what´s known as the fasciae, and envelop all muscles, nerves, bones and blood vessels (1).

Interest in “non-specialized connective tissue” has been focused on the cellular level and more specifically in the study of mechanotransduction; how the integrin family of adhesion molecules forms a physical and informational link between the extra-cellular matrix and the interior of cells (2) (3) (4). Through these cell-matrix connections, cells sense forces and transform these mechanical signals into cellular responses such as the activation or deactivation of signalling molecules, translocation of transcription factors into the nucleus, and ultimately changes in gene expression (5). In addition, substantial evidence supports the notion that mechanical signals can be transmitted directly through the cytoskeleton into the interior of the nucleus.

1. H.M.Langevin “The Science of Stretch” 05.2013 The Scientist. P.33-37. 2. H.M. Langevin et al “Biomechanical response to acupuncture needling in humans” J.Appl Physical, 91:2471-78, 2001. 3. H.M.Langevin et al “Mechanical signalling through connective tissue: A mechanism for the therapeutic effect of acupuncture”,FASEB J. 15:2275-82. 4. H.M.Langevin et al “Tissue displacements during acupuncture using ultrasound elastography technique2, Ultrasound Med Biol 30:1173-83, 2004. 5. A.Mammoto et al “Mechanosensitive mechanisms in transcriptional regulation” J Cell Sci, 125:3061-73,2012.